本站使用了 Pjax 等基于 JavaScript 的开发技术,但您的浏览器已禁用 JavaScript,请开启 JavaScript 以保证网站正常显示!

使用CMake构建跨平台OpenCV项目

本文介绍了如何在windows上使用CMake构建跨平台的OpenCV项目,利用cmake解决每次使用opencv都需要重新配置vs属性的问题,可实现几行cmake代码一次构建,不同平台编译。

准备

开始之前的准备

  • 安装好OpenCV,官方安装包或者自行编译都可以
  • 安装好CMake,版本最好不要太老旧,推荐3.14+
  • 安装好Visual Studio,越新越好,推荐2017+

step1: 设置OpenCV_DIR环境变量

新建一个名为OpenCV_DIR的系统环境变量,将opencv安装目录添加上,如下图
OpenCV_DIR_ENV.png

step2: 创建工程目录以及代码文件

创建main.cpp文件

// cmake构建opencv示例
// @mango

#include "opencv2/opencv.hpp"

#include <iostream>

int main()
{
    std::cout<<"CMake构建opencv示例:"<<std::endl;
    std::cout<< cv::getBuildInformation() <<std::endl;
    return 0;
}

step3: 编写CMakeLists.txt文件

到这里你可能会担心不会CMake语法,编写CMakeLists.txt还需要重特地去学习一番,但其实OpenCV已经编写号一个示例了,项目配置OpenCV也非常简单,几句语句的功夫。在

..\sources\samples\cpp\example_cmake\

目录下可以找到,打开CMakeLists.txt

# cmake needs this line
cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 2.8)

# Define project name
project(opencv_example_project)

# Find OpenCV, you may need to set OpenCV_DIR variable
# to the absolute path to the directory containing OpenCVConfig.cmake file
# via the command line or GUI
find_package(OpenCV REQUIRED)

# If the package has been found, several variables will
# be set, you can find the full list with descriptions
# in the OpenCVConfig.cmake file.
# Print some message showing some of them
message(STATUS "OpenCV library status:")
message(STATUS "    version: ${OpenCV_VERSION}")
message(STATUS "    libraries: ${OpenCV_LIBS}")
message(STATUS "    include path: ${OpenCV_INCLUDE_DIRS}")

if(CMAKE_VERSION VERSION_LESS "2.8.11")
  # Add OpenCV headers location to your include paths
  include_directories(${OpenCV_INCLUDE_DIRS})
endif()

# Declare the executable target built from your sources
add_executable(opencv_example example.cpp)

# Link your application with OpenCV libraries
target_link_libraries(opencv_example PRIVATE ${OpenCV_LIBS})

咱来一句一句简单看一下

#规定cmake最低版本
cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 2.8) 

#项目名称
project(opencv_example_project)
# 搜索opencv相关文件
find_package(OpenCV REQUIRED)
# 引入opencv包含目录,这一步与在vs属性配置中配置包含目录相对应
include_directories(${OpenCV_INCLUDE_DIRS})
# 添加可执行文件
add_executable(opencv_example example.cpp)
# 链接opencv库文件
target_link_libraries(opencv_example PRIVATE ${OpenCV_LIBS})

以上两步骤对应的是在vs配置opencv时库目录与附加依赖项的过程。那么参考opencv提供的示例,我们这次的demo也就非常容易了,稍加修改:

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 2.8)

project(opencv_example_project)

# 这一步要求设置号OpenCV_DIR环境变量,否则是无法正常找到的
find_package(OpenCV REQUIRED)

include_directories(${OpenCV_INCLUDE_DIRS})

add_executable(opencv_example main.cpp)

target_link_libraries(opencv_example PRIVATE ${OpenCV_LIBS})

step4: 构建VS工程

到这一步,就是构建VS项目工程了,与平时自己在windows编译opencv一样。有两种方式,一种是cmake gui的界面操作方式,就是网上大多数在windows平台编译opencv教程那样子;另一种方式是命令行操作,在linux平台编译项目就常用命令行方式,但其实在windows平台也适用。

gui方式构建,如下图:

GUI_Build.png

命令行构建

cd build/
cmake -G "Visual Studio 15 2017" .. #win32
# cmake -G "Visual Studio 15 2017 Win64" .. #x64

看到如下两个done的消息提示就说明vs工程已经成功构建了

-- Detecting CXX compiler ABI info
-- Detecting CXX compiler ABI info - done
-- Detecting CXX compile features
-- Detecting CXX compile features - done
-- Found OpenCV: D:/opencv341/build (found version "3.4.10")
-- Configuring done
-- Generating done

到build目录下打开vs工程就可以进行编译执行了。

General configuration for OpenCV 3.4.10 =====================================
  Version control:               unknown

  Platform:
    Timestamp:                   2020-08-22T07:57:10Z
    Host:                        Windows 10.0.18363 AMD64
    CMake:                       3.18.1
    CMake generator:             Visual Studio 15 2017
    CMake build tool:            C:/Program Files (x86)/Microsoft Visual Studio/2017/Community/MSBuild/15.0/Bin/MSBuild.exe
    MSVC:                        1916

  CPU/HW features:
    Baseline:                    SSE SSE2
      requested:                 SSE2
    Dispatched code generation:  SSE4_1 SSE4_2 FP16 AVX
      requested:                 SSE4_1 SSE4_2 AVX FP16
      SSE4_1 (16 files):         + SSE3 SSSE3 SSE4_1
      SSE4_2 (2 files):          + SSE3 SSSE3 SSE4_1 POPCNT SSE4_2
      FP16 (1 files):            + SSE3 SSSE3 SSE4_1 POPCNT SSE4_2 FP16 AVX
      AVX (6 files):             + SSE3 SSSE3 SSE4_1 POPCNT SSE4_2 AVX
...

跨平台:

该工程无需修改在linux平台上也是可以直接编译的,相应命令行更为简单

cd build/
cmake ..
make 

本文由芒果浩明发布,转载请注明出处。
本文链接:https://mangoroom.cn/opencv/opencv-cmake-example.html


 继续浏览关于 的文章

 本文最后更新于:2020/09/22 13:39:40,可能因经年累月而与现状有所差异

 引用转载请注明:芒果的Blog > opencv,c++ > 使用CMake构建跨平台OpenCV项目